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Abstract : Background: Tobacco smoking is a significant avoidable cause of morbidity and mortality, every year, millions of people are killed or sickened by tobacco. The objective: Determine the prevalence of tobacco smoking and its correlates among female students of university of Kerbala. Study design: An analytical cross-sectional study Setting: University of Kerbala- Karbala- Iraq. Methods: Four colleges were randomly chosen, for the four stages aged 18 – 30 years, and data collection was from the first of April to the end of May 2022. The questionnaire sheets were distributed to each participant, 12 forms were neglected for non-complete data. The total sample achieved was 531 female student. Oral consent was taken, participants were informed that the data is anonymous, some of the questionnaires were taken from the World Health Organization's " Global Youth Tobacco Survey" questionnaire, and others from the studies we previously cited, the data was entered and analyzed through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 24), the statistical association is considered significant when the p-value is equal to or less than 0.05. Results: The present study revealed that 11.1% of the female students reported that they are currently smoking tobacco (about half of them reported cigarette smoking), the brothers and friends accounted for 46.9% of the source of the first cigarette. Curiosity, enjoyment, and psychological pressure represented the more 3 single reasons of smoking, the low educational level of either parent significantly associated with a higher proportion of smoking of their girls and there was a significant association between the current smoking status of the female students and the cigarette smoking of the mothers and anyone (brother, sister) smoke in the family. Conclusions: Tobacco Smoking prevalence among female students was comparatively more than previously reported results conducted in the same university. More than one-half of the current smoker female students were cigarette smoking. The findings require policymakers to initiate anti-smoking strategies. Keywords: Prevalence, Tobacco Smoking, Female Students; Questionnaire.