Background: Osteoporosis is a disease of the skeleton, characterized by a decrease in bone density mass. Osteoporosis is a serious condition in health care because of potentially severe consequences for both the patient and the health care system. More severe complications include fractures— particularly of the spine, wrist, hip, pelvis, and upper arm—after minimal bone trauma, and even mortality. Menopause is a natural physiological phenomenon resulting from primary ovarian failure secondary to apoptosis or programmed cell death. Ovarian function declines with age. Besides these, osteoporosis is the most prevalent disease in menopausal women, and is strongly associated with low quality of life and we concentrate on postmenopausal osteoporosis in this study.
Material and methods: This is a prospective study conducted in the Department of OBGY and Orthopaedics, at Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital over a period of 6 months. Seventy postmenopausal women were included into this study. We detected the age of menopause, the consciousness of osteoporosis, dual x-ray absorptiometry reports, habits of regular walking, drinking of milk, used to calcium and vitamin D supplementation or any antiosteoporotic medicine. Statistical analysis was made by SPSS-20 and data were expressed as mean, standard deviation, minimum- maximum and percent (%).
Result: A total of 70 postmenopausal women were included in the survey; maximum number of postmenopausal women belongs to 45–54 years 51.42% followed by 55–64 years 30% and least were >65 years 18.57%. The most common self-reported comorbidities were hypertension 32% followed by Type 2 diabetes 24.28%, Obesity 15.71%, respiratory disease 12.85%, thyroid disease 10% and Rheumatoid arthritis 4.28%. In our study, Perceived cause of most recent facture are clumsiness 38.57% followed by Imbalance caused by a medical condition 25.71%, Poor bone health 18.57%, Loss of physical mobility 7.14%, Another illness of mine 5.71% and Lack of muscle 4.28%
Conclusion: Based on the present study, we can conclude that there is a lack of awareness in postmenopausal women regarding osteoporosis in India's region. This subset of women is unaware of the condition that can lead to fragility fracture if not addressed in time. The study emphasizes that health care professionals should conduct frequent awareness programs in the community to prevent this silent disease, and morbidities that arise from osteoporosis can be minimized